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ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT
From 1989 to 1995, Liberia was embroiled in a civil war and in 1999, fighting broke out again. Peace was only achieved in 2003. During the civil war, approximately 250,000 people were killed. Hundreds of thousands of people fled from the fighting, and many refugees who fled to neighboring countries have yet to return. Others who stayed were forced to live in substandard housing conditions.
The years of conflict left Liberia’s infrastructure and economy in ruins. Progress has been slow, partly due to heavy international debts. The capital city, Monrovia, is still without running water or electricity. Illiteracy is high and 85 percent of the population is unemployed. As a result of this, an estimated 80 percent of Liberians live below the poverty line, and the average life expectancy is just 41 years.
Source : Habitat for Humanity
HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE
RIGHT TO HOUSING
SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES
Social and economic aspects
QUALITY OF HOUSING
INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS
ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic
Bibliography & Sitography
MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY
CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS
SLUMDAL = formed in 2008 after contact with Slum Dwellers International, SLUMDAL mobilizes slumdwellers for improvement in their living conditions. Website