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ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT
HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE
RIGHT TO HOUSING
SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES
Social and economic aspects
According to INSEE, in 2007, 77% of malted households owned their homes (EU average = 65%).
QUALITY OF HOUSING
INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS
ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
Definition and situation in 2012
Housing policy in Malta strongly encourages home ownership, therefore the tendency is to distinguish between affordable housing (generally for sale, most recently shared ownership) for middle income people and social housing (for rent) for the neediest. ‘Social housing’ therefore refers to the provision of housing and housing assistance to households that are in particularly severe need, usually on a rental basis. Rental social housing is represented by Government owned dwellings and constitutes 6% of the total housing stock. Under the Right-to-Buy Scheme tenants of Government units have the possibility to become owners of the flat they live in. Since 2005, there is also a shared ownership scheme.
How does it work ?
The setting up of the Housing Authority in 1976 represented the corner-stone of social housing policies in Malta and brought about schemes aimed at improving the housing condition of very low income groups and promoting home ownership. The Department of Social Housing of the Ministry for the Family and Social Solidarity manages some properties belonging to private landlords whose residential properties were requisitioned and rented at a regulated rent regime (dating back from 1939), and also rents dwellings built by the Housing Authority.
Registration on waiting lists (managed by the Department of Social Housing) is based on income ceilings. Furthermore, priority is given to particular target groups and according to their housing conditions. In the past units for rent were reserved only for people on the Department of Social Housing waiting list. The Authority is now creating tenure mixture when allocating units. Thus, units are sold to people under Shared Ownership some are allocated for rent by the Department and others are reserved for the elderly and others for special needs groups. In this way the Housing Authority is preventing slums from being created.
Source : CECODHAS Report 2012
Source : CECODHAS Report 2012 (1)
According to the network FEANTSA, it seems that the government does not keep its promises in terms of investment in social housing .
Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic
Bibliography & Sitography
MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY
CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS
YMCA VALETTE = voluntary ecumenical movement founded in 1976 as part of the international YMCA network. They deal specifically youth and homeless in their need at once a shelter and emotional support. their holistic approach to meet the person in all their dimensions. Their actions are to provide people to develop their skills and talents, to provide information and skills to enable them to promote their choice, to promote their participation in the proposed solutions. A night shelter offered to them and assistance 24 hours on 24. website – contact.