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ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT
HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE
Many mass movements of people over many centuries have transformed the human occupation of the territory that is modern Sudan. And the relative concentration of the population in the North Central appears to be largely the result of both coercive population displacements (slave, travel related to the construction of dams, waste oil areas) and incentives for the installation in the areas of economic development.
It seems that, in general, conflicts promotes urbanization of a country, and the emergence of cities from IDP camps. (1)
The rate of urbanization has been slow, but the number of urban areas was multiplied by 5 between 1960 and 2010, following the increase in global population of Sudan. The number of cities is large (200 in 2010). Even if all size classes of cities are represented, the network is unbalanced by a stratum of regional metropolis underdeveloped. Sudan has an extensive network of secondary cities located in all regions.
There is a concentration around urban agricultural lands to intensive cultivation. Massive displacement of population, associated with conflict over a quarter of a century and the development of large agricultural projects have greatly contributed to this trend.
Conflict zones differ from the rest of the country for the atrocities against civilians and population movements have changed the distribution of stand and inflated urban centers, particularly in Darfur and the South. (1)
RIGHT TO HOUSING
SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES
Social and economic aspects
QUALITY OF HOUSING
INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS
ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic
Bibliography & Sitography
Country file of Soudan on the website e-geopolis
MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY
CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS