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ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT
Rwanda came under the international spotlight when ethnic rivalry between Hutus and Tutsis came to a head in 1994. The genocide left 800,000 people dead, 2 million displaced and crippled the country’s fragile economic base. Rwanda is still in a state of recovery, made worse by its involvement in the conflict in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.
Despite having good prospects for economic development, providing for basic needs remains one of Rwanda’s greatest challenges. The country is the most densely populated in Africa. 84 percent of the population live on less than US$2 a day and can barely afford basic necessities. Home improvement is a luxury most people cannot afford and poverty housing is endemic. A mere 41 percent of the population has access to improved sanitation. (Habitat for Humanity)
HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE
RIGHT TO HOUSING
Before the arrival of settlers in Rwanda, the land was governed by customary law. colonizers have established written law, subject to certain customary rules remained in force. This means that the colonizers have applied a dualist. Thus, certain lands were governed by customary law, while others were under the written law.
I Bazubahande, De la propriété foncière au Rwanda, examen de la précarité des droits coutumiers, mémoire de licence, Butare, UNR 1987.
Mémoire en ligne d’Evariste Nsengiyumva, Independent Iinstitute of Lay Adventiste of Kigali, Rwanda, 2008
SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES
Social and economic aspects
QUALITY OF HOUSING
INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS
ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic
Bibliography & Sitography
MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY
CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS